Substantive

Substantive credit refers to all categories of public and private law, including but not limited to the law of contracts, real property, torts, and criminal law.

The Real Estate Principles course presents fundamental concepts related to acquisition, possession, use, and transfer of real property.

This course provides an overview of zoning and land use regulation. Zoning is a type of public control that places many limits on how land is used. Each city or county places all its properties into zones for residential, commercial, industrial, agricultural, or other uses. Land use regulations vary widely from state to state, county to county, and city to city. Property owners can sometimes make requests for changes to the permitted uses and prohibited uses with applications for conditional uses, variances, zoning changes, or other requests.

This course concentrates on practice and procedure in the area of alimony and property division.

This course concentrates on practice and procedure in the area of child custody, support, and visitation. Federal courts traditionally abstain from family law matters, considering state legislatures and local courts better suited for resolving family issues. As a result, state law is the primary law affecting the support and care of children in the United States.

Against a background of Constitutional and federal law, state law is the primary law of marriage and divorce in the United States. Basic principles and models of divorce, including alimony, child custody, and property division, remain fairly consistent through all states and territories. Applicable law, rules, procedures, and terminology may vary significantly from state to state and within states from city to city. “Custody” and “alimony” in one court may be “parenting time” and “spousal support” in another.

Adoption and assisted reproduction is a developing and dynamic practice area. In the United States, starting in the 1960’s, contraception became widely available, abortion became legal, and the number of viable assisted reproduction methods increased, which led to the number of children available for adoption to decrease. We found ourselves redefining “family” and responding by overhauling the law of this new “family.”

Electronic discovery is the process of identifying and producing relevant, electronically stored information (ESI) in litigation. Advances in technology and exponential growth of reliance on ESI over traditional paper documents are continually increasing the scope, expense, and prominence of eDiscovery in litigation. As the volume of ESI continues to expand, the costs to preserve, collect, review and produce it in litigation will only increase in the future.

Discovery is the investigative stage of a case that is conducted prior to the trial. It provides parties with opportunities to verify their understanding of the facts of the case, to find out what witnesses know about the dispute, and to explore the other side’s legal theories. Well-conducted discovery allows parties to clarify the issues for trial, anticipate the opponent’s strategies, and accurately evaluate the likelihood of success at trial.

Paralegals have significant responsibility for discovery. Paralegals working in this area should be able to:


The Criminal Litigation course explores the intricacies of criminal law and procedure.  Issues addressed in the course range from search and arrest, through the criminal process, to appeal. As a paralegal working with either a prosecutor's office or a defense attorney's office, you are likely to encounter issues involving criminal law, therefore the course examines these issues from both perspectives. Paralegals can assist attorneys in many ways throughout the duration of a criminal case. After completing this Criminal Litigation course, a paralegal will have knowledge to assist:

This course covers both general concepts and specific techniques used in corporate law, from incorporation to merger or dissolution. The course reviews:

  • Agency law
  • Business structures

The Business Organizations Incorporated Entities APC course relies on student participation through scenarios, case studies, and internet research. Upon completion of the course, paralegals will have completed exercises involving:

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